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The role of propionate in cellular metabolism

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Published by Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Physics

Book details:

Edition Notes

ContributionsNaval Postgraduate School (U.S.)
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v, :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25106111M

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  A new study in mice with a pilot study in humans suggests that a naturally occurring compound, found in cheese, and used as a food additive may play a role in altering our metabolism. The additive is propionate or propionic acid; a compound used predominantly in . Vol. 2, No. 1 BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS Jan. THE ROLE OF BIOTIN AND VITAMIN B12 COENZYME IN PROPIONATE METABOLISM ~r E. R. Stadtman, P. Overath, H. Eggerer and F. Lynen Max-Planck-Institut für Zellchemie, München, and Chemisches Laboratorium der Universität München, Institut für Biochemie Received Decem Propionic Cited by:   Gökhan Hotamişligil, Ph.D., a professor of genetics and metabolism at Harvard’s T.H. Chan School of Public Health and the corresponding author .   Uptake and metabolism of propionate were studied using [ C]propionate. In studies using the non-recirculation perfusion of the caudal lobe of the sheep liver it was shown that the treatment of sheep with glucagon resulted in an increased rate of gluconeogenesis from propionate and in an increased net uptake of propionate by the caudal lobe.

Propionic acid (/ p r oʊ p i ˈ ɒ n ɪ k /, from the Greek words protos, meaning "first", and pion, meaning "fat"; also known as propanoic acid) is a naturally occurring carboxylic acid with chemical formula CH 3 CH 2 CO 2 H. It is a liquid with a pungent and unpleasant smell somewhat resembling body anion CH 3 CH 2 CO 2 − as well as the salts and esters of propionic acid are.   To determine whether metformin action is reduced in the presence of imidazole propionate, we tested the effect of imidazole propionate on glucose metabolism in metformin-treated mice. A single injection of imidazole propionate in chow-fed mice increased fasting glucose levels (p = ) and reversed the expected metformin-induced reduction in. Cell Metabolism A cell's daily operations are accomplished through the biochemical reactions that take place within the cell. Reactions are turned on and off or sped up and slowed down according. Propionyl-CoA is a coenzyme A derivative of propionic is composed of a 24 total carbon chain (without the coenzyme, it is a 3 carbon structure) and its production and metabolic fate depend on which organism it is present in. Several different pathways can lead to its production, such as through the catabolism of specific amino acids or the oxidation of odd-chain fatty acids.

Studies utilizing [13 C 1]propionate and [13 C 3]propionate suggested a mechanism of fatty acid synthesis, which maintained all six-carbon atoms from two propionate molecules. Metabolism of 2,2-[2 H 2]propionate to the new six-carbon mono-unsaturated acyl-CoA resulted in the complete loss of two deuterium atoms, indicating modification at C2 of. Propionate is a major microbial fermentation metabolite in the human gut with putative health effects that extend beyond the gut epithelium. Propionate is thought to lower lipogenesis, serum. Title:The Role of Diet Related Short-Chain Fatty Acids in Colorectal Cancer Metabolism and Survival: Prevention and Therapeutic Implications VOLUME: 27 ISSUE: 24 Author(s):Sara Daniela Gomes, Cláudia Suellen Oliveira, João Azevedo-Silva, Marta R. Casanova, Judite Barreto, Helena Pereira, Susana R. Chaves, Lígia R. Rodrigues, Margarida Casal, Manuela Côrte-Real, Fátima Baltazar and . cell, including ADP/ ATP, NAD+/NADH, free radicals, fatty acids etc. to induce various cascades of events to try and maintain cell homeostasis. Several are covered here including AMP activated protein Kinase (AMPK), which is widely used in metabolic control. One final control mechanism becomes important in energy metabolism. This involves so-.